Sápmi, the settled area of the saami-people, indigenous people in the north of Europe. The saami-people, the inhabitants of Sápmi, have never had an own nationality and live divided in the four countries Norway, Sweden, Finland and Russia nowadays.
But in the last centuries the national consciousness of these ancient people gained strength and that’s why in 1986 the nation flag was designed, which one can frequently see in this region in the last years. The blue-red circle is the symbol for the sun (red) and the moon (blue), whereas the other colours are the traditional colours of the saami-people.
The Saami people are a minority in Scandinavia and they are only about 4% of the population. The population density is extremely low in Sápmi and it is about two inhabitants in the towns and the costal areas. In the centre of the country the number of inhabitants is almost zero per square kilometre.
The Samish parliament ‘Sámediggi’ has its seat in Karasjok (Norway) and it represents the rights of all Saami people in the four countries.
Because of the different legal positions in the four countries, there exists in each of them an own parliament, Guovdageaidnu (Kautokeino / Norway), Gíron (Kiruna / Sweden), Anár (Inari / Finland) and Luyawr (Lowosero / Russia). In spite of all agreements the Saami people’s rights are limited, but in Norway they have the most rights.
The existence of the Saami people can be traced back historically about 10,000 years. However the exact origin isn’t certain. But they are supposed to come from the vastness of North Asia. Fixed domiciles have been constructed evidently 9800 years ago, that can be seen in drawings at rocks both in the Norwegian town Alta and in the Swedish town Härjedalen.
Joik is the traditional singing of Saami people, monotonous-guttural overtone singing, in which they sing about nature and animals. Joik is mainly improvisation and it goes back to the Stone Age. Joik is created at a person by living in nature and with nature.
All feelings are expressed in it, it can be about the past and the future, but most time it deals with the present.
Who wants to understand Joik, has to take a close look at the unity of Saami people with nature. One doesn't joik about something, but one joiks something.
A connection between singer and listener is created.
Saami people are the last ancient people of Europe! Their rights are unviolable and should be accepted in the same way by each of the four countries Norway, Sweden, Finland and Russia.
Information about the sami-language:
Sami, this language is spoken in the northern regions of Scandinavia.
Lapland extends from the Norwegian west coast over Sweden and Finland to the Kola Peninsula.
The language is an independent language and it isn't any dialect and belongs to the Finno-Ugric languages.
The language is subdivided into nine subgroups. The one, which I've used here, is Northsami and it is spoken by about 15,000 persons and therefore it's also the most spread language.
The subgroups differ so radically that the inhabitants aren't able to understand each other.
All of these language groups have been only spoken languages for a long time and only last century the standard language and the grammar was developed and codified.
After it has been forbidden in schools for a long time, nowadays in the regions of Norway, Sweden and Finland it is offered again to the youth.
I have used this language in all the menus of this homepage on the one hand, because I love the sound of this language more than anything, on the other hand, because the majority of the population doesn't know that these languages exist.
For all the help, especially in the sami-grammar, I will say thanks my friend Anne Gro Gaup.
Mun liikon dutnje nu ollu Anne Gro!
Hallo / yes / no
Bures / juo / ii
Thank you / Here you are!
(Olu) Giitu / Ii mihkke váivvit
Good morning / Good evening
Buorre iđit / Buorre eahket
Good afternoon! / Goodbye
Buorre beaivi! / Mána dearvan!
How are you? / I am fine
movt duinna manna? / Mun ealán dearvan
How are you? (pl) / We're all doing fine
Mot dii eallibehtet? / Mii eallit dearvan
What is your name? / My name is "Vibeke"
Gii don leat? / Mun lean "Vibeke"
Cheers! / Enjoy your meal!
Máistte! / Buorre borranmiella!
I need you
Mun dárbbašan du
I like you / I love you
Mun liikon dutnje / Mun ráhkistan du
I come from the USA
Mun lean Ameriikas eret
Where are you from?
Gos don leat eret?
I can't speak saami
Mun in máhte hupmat sámegiela
Do you speak english?
Humatgo don eŋgelasgiela?
I don't understand
In mun ipmir
Could you please repeat that?
Sáhtátgo geardut dan?